I know that I focus a lot on what to eat with grilled food during seasons like this, but I'm just as likely to want something light when it's blazing hot. I'm perfectly happy with a big ol' dinner salad most nights, but that doesn't change the need to indulge my little oenological fixation.
Salads are tough for wines, though. Lots of potential problems in trying to come up with a proper pairing. Greens of almost all sorts have at least a hint of bitterness in their flavors. Some, like arugula, can be absolute wine killers that can make a decent bottle of chardonnay taste like turpentine. Also, as delicious as fresh vegetables can be, flavors leap off in any number of directions, and the acidity of many vegetables can throw off many flavors in wine. You've also got to worry about certain types of veggies roasting can change flavors, mushrooms add earthiness, asparagus gets a bizarre taste paired with wine, and so on.
And we haven't even started talking about dressing or perhaps you want to add meat to soothe the savage beast within. How can you set up a pairing for your dining pleasure while not making either a boring salad or ruining a perfectly good bottle of wine?
When I think about wine pairings for salads, I follow three simple rules:
1) Go with the acid. Without veering headlong into Timothy Leary Territory, I'll simply make the assurance that powerful hallucinogens and romaine generally do not mix. However, tartaric and malic acids generally work effectively. The acidity of tart, crisp wines tends to cut through the bitterness that most greens have, as well as working to effectively dissolve the oils in most dressings, which allows both the flavor of the wine and the other flavors in the salad to make a stronger impression. Almost any crisp wine will work with a salad. And when in doubt, as with any number of other foods, ros works well. For instance, the Saintsbury 2008 Carneros Vin Gris - A French-styled ros from California. It reminded me a great deal of Tavel. The wine has a pleasant nose of strawberries. Body is slightly acidic and quite fruity. Finish has a nice fruit, followed by a crispness that would make it a wonderful pairing with almost any kind of salad you might come up with. $12-14.
2) Pair with the dominant flavor in the salad. The idea here is similar to the rule of thumb used when pairing wines with pasta. You wouldn't want to drink a pinot grigio with a heavy tomato and meat sauce, but a big ol' Montepulciano works splendidly. Think about the major flavor in the salad -- or if there's one ingredient that, even if it's just an accent flavor, would be the first thing people taste. For instance, we recently made a tomato salad with lots of Mediterranean flavors: parsley, pistachios, mint, and scallions. While light, the tomatoes and herbs certainly took center stage. After some discussion with a knowledgeable staff person at a local wine store, we came upon the Pierre Boniface Apremont2007 Vin de Savoie - This wine from the French Alps, is made from a local grape called Jacqure. The nose is cream and apples and the flavor is somewhat acidic and grapefruity. However, much like the wines from the neighboring Loire Valley, you get a some minerality, although not as much as a Muscadet. The body is light and crisp with a slighty flinty finish. A wine like this will cut through strong herbal flavors as well as the acid of things like tomato. $11-13.
3) How spicy do you like it? While many think of salads as simply cool and green, adding spice and heat to a salad is becoming more and more common. If you look at the ingredient list for almost any salad in a cooking magazine these days, you're almost always going to run into ingredients in either the dressing or the salad itself that adds some peppery, savory flavors to the mix. Thankfully, there are a number of wines that can balance those flavors. When it comes to pairing wine with spice, Riesling immediately jumps to mind, especially dry Rieslings. The drier Rieslings are often from Alsace, and one I had recently was The Furst 2006 Riesling - an Alsace Riesling with an interesting twist. The nose is perfumey and appley, much as I expected. Most Alsace Rieslings I've tasted have been bone dry, but this one has a pleasant amount of sweetness, which works wonderfully to balance the flavors you'd find in a salad. Also, the body wasn't as heavy as some Rieslings I've had. If you're doing an Asian-flavored salad, you'd be well-advised to spend $12-14 here.
So, enjoy that fresh produce straight from garden to plate - and confidently pour something that will stand proudly alongside.