From the Editors of E/THE ENVIRONMENTAL MAGAZINE
Dear EarthTalk: How is wind power currently faring in the United States? Is more of it coming on-line and becoming a larger percentage of the grid? —Paul
EarthTalk: Clean and green wind
energy is the new darling of alternative energy developers, and the
U.S. industry has been surging the past three years, especially as
developers take advantage of government incentives—in the form of the
so-called Production Tax Credit (PTC)—for erecting turbines and
connecting them to the grid.
The nonprofit American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) reports that, in 2007 alone, total U.S. wind power capacity grew by a record 45%, injecting some $9 billion into the economy. These new installations provide enough electricity to power 1.5 million typical American homes while strengthening the nation’s energy supply with clean, homegrown electricity.
According to AWEA, utility-grade wind power installations are now in operation across 34 U.S. states, generating more than 16,000 megawatts (MW) of electricity cumulatively—enough to power upward of 4.5 million homes and to generate 45,000 new domestic jobs. But even with this growth, wind energy still accounts for just 1% of U.S. electricity supply. Continued growth should make it a major player in the American energy scene within a decade. President Bush himself recently suggested that wind has the potential to supply up to 20% of the nation’s electricity.
Of course, the volatility of oil prices has helped wind energy gain its foothold. Once a wind farm is built, the fuel cost is essentially zero (as long as the wind blows), whereas fluctuating fossil fuel prices have made traditional power sources more costly and risky. Upping our reliance on wind power has also allowed us to lower our overall carbon footprint. If coal or natural gas were to be substituted to generate the electricity we now get from wind, it would put 28 million additional tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere every year. Wind power also saves water by not requiring the billions of gallons of water used to cool coal-fired power plants, an increasingly contentious issue in arid areas with limited access to fresh water.
The state of Wisconsin is looking at placing wind turbines in Lake Michigan and Lake Superior, which could help reduce resistance to wind turbines that often crops up from residents who don’t want the machinery near their homes. AWEA’s leaders say that 2008 could be as much of a growth year as 2007 if Congress extends the PTC program. The Senate has already approved extending the PTC for at least one more year, but the House has yet to bring it up for a vote. Meanwhile, wind energy proponents are pacing the halls of Congress to try to persuade their representatives that what’s good for the wind industry is good for America.
Contacts: American Wind Energy Association, www.awea.org; Cape Wind, www.capewind.org; U.S. Minerals Management Service, www.mms.gov. Got an environmental question? Send it to: email@example.com.